Argentina - Wikipedia
Main · Videos; Ed westwick and leighton meester dating hedonismo definicion yahoo dating hedonismo definicion yahoo dating victor jara biografia yahoo. Main · Videos; Watch neighbours online dating jara biografia yahoo dating victor jara biografia yahoo dating gorki plodovi 28 epizoda online dating gorki. dates. February 5 · October 4. Violeta Parra, in full Violeta del Carmen Parra In she met with folksinger Víctor Jara and inspired the young artist to join the.
She also performed as a singer, with a repertory of traditional folk songs that she used for local functions like weddings and funerals. He began to study to be an accountant, but soon moved into a seminarywhere he studied for the priesthood. After a couple of years, however, he became disillusioned with the Catholic Church and left the seminary.
Subsequently, he spent several years in army service before returning to his hometown to pursue interests in folk music and theater. He subsequently joined the university's theater program and earned a scholarship for talent. He released his first album, Canto a lo humano, inand byhe had left his theater work in favor of a career in music. His songs were inspired by a combination of traditional folk music and left-wing political activism. Political activism[ edit ] Early in his recording career, Jara showed a knack for antagonizing conservative Chileans, releasing a traditional comic song called "La beata" that depicted a religious woman with a crush on the priest to whom she goes for confession.
The song was banned on radio stations and removed from record shops, but the controversy only added to Jara's reputation among young and progressive Chileans. The personal met the political in his songs about the poverty he had experienced firsthand. He took a decisive turn toward political confrontation with his song "Preguntas por Puerto Montt" "Questions About Puerto Montt"which took direct aim at a government official who had ordered police to attack squatters in the town of Puerto Montt. The Chilean political situation deteriorated after the official was assassinated, and right-wing thugs beat up Jara on one occasion.
After the election, Jara continued to speak in support of Allende and played an important role in the new administration's efforts to reorient Chilean culture.
Víctor Jara - Wikipedia
He set poems by Pablo Neruda to music and performed at a ceremony honoring him after Neruda received the Nobel Prize in Literature in Throughout rumblings of a right-wing coup, Jara held on to his teaching job at Chile's Technical University. His popular success during this time, as both a musician and a Communist, earned him a concert in Moscow.
So successful was he that the Soviet Union tried to latch onto his popularity, claiming in their media that his vocal prowess was the result of surgery he had undergone while in Moscow. At the moment of the coup, Jara was on his way to the Technical University today the Universidad de Santiago.
That night, he slept at the university along with other teachers and students, and sang to raise morale. On the morning of 12 SeptemberJara was taken prisoner, along with thousands of others, and interned in Chile Stadium.
Soon after, he was killed with a gunshot to the head, and his body was riddled with more than 40 bullets. It was later discarded outside the stadium along with the bodies of other civilian prisoners who had been killed by the Chilean Army.
She took his body and gave him a quick and clandestine burial in the general cemetery before she fled the country into exile. Forty-five years later, former Chilean military officers were charged with his murder. Following his arrest, on 1 Junethe police investigation identified the officer who had shot Jara in the head.
- Víctor Jara
- Augusto Pinochet
The officer played Russian roulette with Jara by placing a single round in his revolver, spinning the cylinder, placing the muzzle against Jara's head, and pulling the trigger. The officer repeated this a couple of times until a shot fired and Jara fell to the ground. The officer then ordered two conscripts one of them Paredes to finish the job by firing into Jara's body.
A judge ordered Jara's body to be exhumed in an effort to gather more information about his death. Beckett  and Christian Urrutia,  with the assistance of the Center for Justice and Accountability filed suit in a United States court against Barrientos, who lives in Floridaon behalf of Jara's widow and children.
The suit accused Barrientos of arbitrary detention; cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; extrajudicial killing ; and crimes against humanity under the Alien Tort Statute ATSand of torture and extrajudicial killing under the Torture Victim Protection Act TVPA.
This military junta held the executive role until 17 Decemberafter which it remained strictly as a legislative body, the executive powers being transferred to Pinochet with the title of President.
Military dictatorship [ edit ] Junta session one week after the coup Pinochet in The junta members originally planned that the presidency would be held for a year by the commanders-in-chief of each of the four military branches in turn.
However, Pinochet soon consolidated his control, first retaining sole chairmanship of the military junta, and then proclaiming himself "Supreme Chief of the Nation" de facto provisional president on 27 June General Leigh, head of the Air Force, became increasingly opposed to Pinochet's policies and was forced into retirement on 24 Julyafter contradicting Pinochet on that year's plebiscite officially called Consulta Nacional, or National Consultation, in response to a UN resolution condemning Pinochet's government.
He was replaced by General Fernando Matthei. Pinochet organized a plebiscite on 11 September to ratify a new constitutionreplacing the Constitution drafted during Arturo Alessandri 's presidency.
It also prescribed an 8-year presidential period, and a single-candidate presidential referendum inwhere a candidate nominated by the Junta would be approved or rejected for another 8-year period. The new constitution was approved by a margin of Interviews after Pinochet's departure with people involved with the referendum confirmed that fraud had, indeed, been widespread.
Pinochet was replaced as President of the Junta that day by Admiral Merino. Armed opposition to the Pinochet rule continued in remote parts of the country. In a massive operation spearheaded by Chilean Army para-commandos, some 2, security forces troops  were deployed in the mountains of Neltume from June to November where they destroyed two MIR bases, seizing large caches of munitions and killing a number of guerrillas.
According to author Ozren Agnic Krstulovic, weapons including C-4 plastic explosivesRPG-7 and M72 LAW rocket launchers, as well as more than 3, M rifles, were smuggled into the country by opponents of the government. His military bodyguard was taken by surprise, and five members were killed. Pinochet's bulletproof Mercedes Benz vehicle was struck by a rocket, but it failed to explode and Pinochet suffered only minor injuries.
Operation Condor and Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet He shut down parliament, suffocated political life, banned trade unions, and made Chile his sultanate. His government disappeared 3, opponents, arrested 30, torturing thousands of them Pinochet's name will forever be linked to the Desaparecidosthe Caravan of Deathand the institutionalized torture that took place in the Villa Grimaldi complex. The government's violence was directed not only against dissidents but also against their families and other civilians.
According to the later Valech Report approximately 31, were tortured and 1, exiled. He nationalized strategic industries and services, improved wages and working conditions, paid the full external debt and achieved nearly full employment. The economy, however, began to decline in because of over-expenditure. She pushed Congress to enact women's suffrage in and developed an unprecedented social assistance to the most vulnerable sectors of society.
In the Navy bombed the Plaza de Mayo in an ill-fated attempt to kill the President.
A few months later, during the self-called Liberating Revolution coup, he resigned and went into exile in Spain. Arturo Frondizi from the UCR won the following elections. Guerra Sucia was part of Operation Condor which included participation of the right-wing dictatorships of the Southern Cone.
The Dirty War involved state terrorism in Argentina and elsewhere in the Southern Cone against political dissidents, with military and security forces employing urban and rural violence against left-wing guerrillas, political dissidents, and anyone believed to be associated with socialism or somehow contrary to the neoliberal economic policies of the regime.