Investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating

12 alimentos que mejoran la calidad del esperma

investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating

Faculty of Health, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia, [email protected] es Date of Acceptance: Mar La investigación tuvo como participantes clave 15 mujeres. .. El rigor metodológico en la investigación cualitativa. Main · Videos; Investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating. Soviet to the 10's unto inward haul carrying carpets thwart there. We're reminded that inadvertently are no. Oct 5, a mejorar la salud de tu esperma tanto cualitativa como cuantitativamente. . Dad secretly places dating ad for his 3 'wonderful, successful.

They understand it as an act that goes beyond the biological and consider it as a natural process, which should have as essential components love, readiness during gestation, and family accompaniment in which tradition and cultural practices bear great influence, added to the support they find in health institutions. For the mothers in this study, the transition period after the birth represents several difficult changes for the child by going from an aqueous environment, where there is a sense of protection and fusion with the mother, to a totally different environment that implies adapting to a different temperature, breathing on their own, and seeking for their nourishment.

Women perceive maternal breastfeeding as the means of feeling and manifesting the love they profess for their offspring. Bowlby [15]creator of the Attachment theory, considers that children are born with a biological propensity to behave according to styles that promote closeness and contact with their maternal figure, and that this may become the basis for all their human relationships thereafter.

Potentialities and deficiencies of qualitative research with families

With this in mind, one of the informants stated: Women describe the different manners their sensations and experiences when they breastfeed their babies. The causes of greatest satisfaction they tend to highlight refer to establishing a special and intimate dialogue with the baby through smiles, stares, and caresses. Some mothers feel they have a unique and special communication capacity with the baby who has been breastfed for a long time: It is a special moment for the child and for the mother The participants consider that this aspect is key for a mother to decide on initiating maternal breastfeeding and keeping it as exclusive until the first six months of life.

One of the participants refers to it in the following manner: The intellectual capacity of children who are breastfed has been a discussion appearing in scientific literature since the s. Maternal breastfeeding during the first six months as the sole source of nourishment is considered by the participants as a difficult task, because they must face some conflicts regarding recommendations made by family members, neighbors, and health institutions.

Additionally, they state that in many instances they feel confused, because everyone around them voices an opinion on what they feel is the best way to feed the baby. Due to this, the women participating in the study considered it important to prepare for the practice of breastfeeding. However, mothers comment that this preparation is not sufficiently specific and forceful, which is sometimes contradictory because the information offered to women during gestation and postnatal puerperium periods on the benefits of maternal milk for the child and on the difficulties that may arise during breastfeeding is not individualized.

The following statement illustrates this situation: Another way women are prepared for breastfeeding is through oral tradition passed on from the grandmothers, mothers, mothers-in-law, and other older family members, due most of all to life experiences in the practice of maternal breastfeeding. This knowledge is generally based on guidelines on how to carry out certain tasks of child rearing, according to normalized customs in their surroundings.

In this study, the participants reported that when the child was born, they were immediately supported by an elderly woman on the care of the newborn, usually a family member like the grandmother or the mother-in-law.

On the particular issue, one of the mothers expressed: When it is your first baby, there is almost always a person who is experienced having babies, who guide you, who teach you to do this and the other It is known for its diuretic properties and for its effectiveness in the eradication of exogenous parasites. The fennel beverage is prepared with leaves or seeds from the plant, water, and brown sugar; it is felt that fennel - aside from increasing the production of maternal milk - has an effect on the color and consistency of such.

Mothers believe that by consuming this beverage, the milk turns thick giving it improved nutritional qualities. One of the lactating women states it in the following manner: This drink, according to participants, has an immediate effect on the production of milk. Obstacles against exclusive maternal breastfeeding. In this sense, exclusive maternal breastfeeding greatly benefits infants, because its qualitative and quantitative characteristics constitute the ideal diet and it should be the only diet children receive until the sixth month of life [18].

There are many factors that may lead a mother to start with substitutes for maternal milk; the history of artificial diet for children dates to past centuries. InWilliam Moss, maternity surgeon at Liverpool, wrote [19]: This shows us how humanity has for many years tried to introduce substitutes for maternal milk. The current study found some practices and beliefs that do not favor maternal breastfeeding and, hence, contribute to the incorporation of substitutes to such.

There is, for example, the belief that child fed exclusively with maternal milk remains hungry. Other relevant beliefs are the negative experience undergone by some participants at weaning and the influence of solar exposition in diminishing the production of maternal milk. Hereinafter, we describe each of the practices and beliefs found: The women participants who did not offer exclusive maternal breastfeeding adduced a variety of biological, social, and cultural reasons within which the insufficient production of maternal milk is underscored, the reason for the child remaining hungry.

This is the aspect that most concerns them and induces them to start the child with complementary diet prior to six months of age, through formula milk or other diets like porridge or juice. As indicated by one of the participants: This is one of the most complicated aspects found by mothers in caring for their children.

The situation is characterized because the child being breastfed is no longer satiated with the accustomed frequency of feedings; the mother feels that the breasts no longer fill up as they did before and the child requests breastfeeding more frequently.

investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating

The mothers say the sun can penetrate the milk in several ways: Some women explained that because they were engaged in tasks that exposed them to the sun, they did not produce more milk inducing them to feeding their children with artificial milk. The following quote illustrates this aspect. The evaporation process is what ultimately makes the milk totally disappear or diminish its production.

Because of this belief, when the mother does not want to continue breast-feeding the child, perhaps because the baby is too big or simply because she wants to stop doing so, she recurs to the method of drying the milk through solar exposure.

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One of the mothers mentions it so: This reveals that interventions done in some cases are not congruent with the practices and beliefs of those being cared for. Women participants adduced that pain on the breasts as another reason for not offering exclusive maternal breastfeeding. One of the women narrates her experience as a painful episode in her life: Women participants who did not offer exclusive maternal breastfeeding remember the process as something painful and difficult.

These lacerations would cause intense pain, making them feel both unfortunate and guilty for not being able to breastfeed their children. They also commented that as much as they insisted on breastfeeding, the milk would not come out and the pain was increasingly acute.

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The mothers assured that the most painful moment was breastfeeding the baby and not childbirth. The following testimony states how a woman perceives the dual feeling of wanting and not being able to breastfeed the baby: The mother faces the difficult situation of knowing that although the child needs of her to survive; she in turn must refuse to breastfeed to stop the dependency or vise for the breast.

The following shares what happened to one of the participants: This explains why for them it is a good idea to give the child bottled foods different from maternal milk at some time when the baby is between 3 and 4 months old or earlier if weaning is desired. This shows how the mother keeps in mind the critical stage experienced during weaning to avoid repeating it with subsequent children, and these very women later advise others on the importance of introducing the child to complementary diet early on to get the child to lose interest in the maternal breast and be ready to start another diet different from the maternal milk.

investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating

Protection against disease is primordial for the mothers during child rearing; they consider that the child is born with a weak stomach; hence, actions must be taken to protect it, strengthen it, and somehow seal the stomach to prevent future problems like diarrhea, colic, and vomit. This belief is generally transmitted at the home level, that is, through the female chain comprised of the grandmother-mother-daughter.

12 alimentos que mejoran la calidad del esperma

The mothers use home preparations, which are offered to the baby on the first day home from the health institution where the baby was born. The mothers do not report this practice to health personnel. The following illustrates this practice: Some mothers commented that they were not too convinced with this method because they had heard that pork meat is harmful and causes allergies in the baby. According to the mothers, this preparation purges the stomach and helps the newborn to eliminate the meconium or waste substances adhered to the intestines.

This method is less used because some women think it is too strong and can later cause gastritis in the baby. Bean tincture is most often used, among other reasons because the child shows pleasure in receiving it, and it is considered a food that contains vitamins and it is everything the child needs to have a strong and healthy stomach. Implications for nursing care. Descriptive and quantitative analysis was applied.

RESULTS The bibliographical search involved publications, 47 of which had the family as the object of study, which corresponds to The analyzed studies included various areas of health care, such as: In relation to the publication period of the analyzed articles, the year stood out with 16 Table 1 shows the distribution of Brazilian publications related to Professional Nursing according to the QUALIS stratification of the journals in the period between and The publications were distributed according to the author's professional category, as follows: D and other professionals Ot.

Under the classification 'other professionals', Psychologists stand out Table 2. It can be noted that publications by Ph. Although limited in this study, approximation between Professional Nursing and other health professions was seen in 3 6. This study showed an average of 3. The themes addressed in the studies involving families were broad, for example: In this study, the articles were identified because the title contained the term family. The family was in most cases represented by a member of the family but, in other studies, there were members who were not part of the family circle.

The number of participants in the analyzed studies varied between 1 and 38 family members, with an average of As for the data collection method, this study used semistructured The interviews were followed by observation methods in 4 8. The ecomap and genogram were strategies applied in the analyzed studies in order to complement the data collection procedures, mainly in those studies that used a case within the family.

These people cannot be held responsible for their participation in research involving human beings.

investigacion cualitativa yahoo dating

In regards to the author's academic title, the information obtained seems to be similar to another study that aimed to analyze research focusing on elderly healthcare, amongst which authorships of faculty members with a Ph.

Psychology is an area of social science that can assist in scrutinizing the emotional and social aspects of family relationships. The issue about the number of authors per publication has never been that discussed and explored as it has currently been within Professional Nursing.

There are some journals that even request a description of each author's participation in the study in order to avoid an excess of co-authorship. Some of them establish the maximum number of five authors per article. The possibility to research the family perception allows a large number of professionals to explore it as a special subject of knowledge about the study topic, even in studies without a family focus.

In relation to the number of participants, qualitative studies are generally based on information saturation to limit that number and, therefore, to define the number of subjects in the study.

This strategy is a tool used in a range of health care areas to establish or decide on the final size of a study sample. Defining the appropriate number of participants in a qualitative research is basically a matter of judgment and experience when evaluating the quality of the collected information. Qualitative interviews are the most commonly used in the health care field. Semistructured interviews are based on a flexible structure, which consists of open questions defining the area to be explored; in-depth interviews are less structured and can include one or two aspects, but are much more detailed.

These types of interviews depend on the researcher's sensitivity and ability. As for the registration of interviews, it can be done using the following: They may be followed by observation methods, which was the case in 4 8. In this approach, the researcher systematically watches people and events in order to observe their behaviors and everyday relationships. These are often used to analyze the daily work of health care professionals.

In addition to data collection in the analyzed studies, the ecomap and genogram were used. The ecomap refers to the diagram of the relationship between the family and the community and it contributes to the evaluation of the available social support and networks and their use by the family. The genogram also provides clear knowledge about which members are part of the family, whether or not they are related by blood and, consequently, it provides basis for discussion and family interaction analysis.

The concept of family has been changing as a result of the introduction of new behaviors, attitudes, affections and social relationships, enabling the rising of new concepts of family.

To approach and discuss a study focused on the family involves particular and responsible criteria.