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Date Written: Fri, 26 Sep so - Helke Sander's and Barbara Johr's edited volume "Befreier und Befreite: Kreig, Vergewaltigungen, Kinder. Includes 16 films by Helke Sander. BeFreier und Befreite: Documents the mass rape of German women and girls by the advancing Soviet army. Befreier und befreite online dating. Jul / comments / views. The city's garrison surrendered on 2 May, but fighting continued to the.
This film belongs to the documentary tradition of 'man's struggle against nature.
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The cutting of corpses and the significance of seeing dead bodies make up the backbone of this film. The climax of the film is their encounter during a private concert in the North Italian Dolomites. Beth's 'recent' fame opposite Rudge's breakthrough in the twenties and thirties.
In those days, Olga Rudge also met her future life companion, Ezra Pound. Beths travelled to the grand old lady in the company of pianist Reinbert de Leeuw to offer her a private performance of the violin sonata that George Antheil composed for and dedicated to Mrs. In spite of the differences in their backgrounds, the two women share each other's musical predilections: About the purport of deeds and sacrifices.
After 46 years of silence they talk for the first time publicly about their violent experiences that have left such a mark. The question is why there were so many rapes during the advance of the Red Army. In the second part of the film the serious consequences for the women victims and for the children who were born as a result of these rapes are analyzed. Kim Eun Hee, born 15 January When she arrived she was almost three years old, ill, and in a state of shock.
Jung II Sun was her actual name. The only war in which he got involved was a simultaneous invasion of Saracens and Magyars in which he played them off against each other. He then routed them in combat. In orhe took the title of marchio or margrave.
He is often considered the founder of the county of Provence. He and his elder brother Rotbold II, sons of Boso II of Arles, both carried the title of comes or count concurrently, but it is unknown if they were joint-counts of the whole of Provence or if the region was divided. His brother never bore any other title than count so long as William lived, so the latter seems to have attained a certain supremacy. Inhe was installed as Count of Arles. His sobriquet comes from his victories against the Saracens by which he liberated Provence from their threat, which had been constant since the establishment of a base at Fraxinet.
At the Battle of Tourtour inwith the assistance of the counts of the High Alps and the viscounts of Marseille and Fos, he definitively routed the Saracens, chasing them forever from Provence. Also by royal consent, he and his descendants controlled the fisc in Provence. For all this, he figures prominently in Ralph Glaber's chronicle with the title of dux and he appears in a charter of as pater patriae. He donated land to Cluny and retired to become a monk, dying at Avignon, where he was buried in the church of Saint-Croix at Sarrians.
He was succeeded as margrave by his brother. His great principality began to diminish soon after his death as the castles of his vassals, which he had kept carefully under ducal control, soon became allods of their possessors. He was the first of the Toulousain branch of his family to bear the title marchio, which he inherited c. His parentage has been subject to reevaluation. However, recent research has revealed that William was instead son of Adelais of Anjou, known to have married a Raymond, "Prince of Gothia".
This discovery has required a complete reevaluation of the succession to the County of Toulouse during this period, and no scholarly consensus has developed.
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He and his vassals were notorious usurpers of church property. Pope John XIX ordered him to stop his vassals from taking the lands of Moissac, a problem later remedied by his successor, Pons, who gave Moissac to Cluny. William became the most powerful prince in western Languedoc and he saw the rise of the House of Capet in France and a corresponding decrease in royal authority recognised in the south. He bore the title of marchio prefatus in pago Tholosano: His power did not remain undiminished in his own city of Toulouse, where he was forced by a council of local noblemen and clerics to give up dues imposed on the market there.
From her he gained titles and lands to Provence. From a prior marriage, he had two sons, Raymond and Hugh, who died young. He had two daughters: Some historians have suggested a single additional generation referred to as Raymond III of Toulouse, his father Raymond Pons being stripped of an ordinalwhile others follow the Codice de Roda in giving Raymond Pons a son Raymond who in turn had sons Hugh and Raymond. Identifying the last with the husband of Adelais inserts two generations, making William the great-grandson of Raymond Pons.
Yet another reconstruction suggests that Raymond and Garsinda died childless, and that Toulouse passed to kinsman Raymond II of Rouergue, from whom the husband of Adelais would descend. See Martin de Framond, "La succession des comtes de Toulouse autour de l'an mil Sa famille, ses mariages, sa descendance", Le Moyen Age ,1 October This whole page is a disaster. We now know that this was not the case, but that throws all numbering into chaos, and there is no scholarly consensus.
One reconstruction inserts only a single Raymond. They then niftily solve the numbering problem by removing the number from Raymond Pons and calling the new one Raymond III.
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This has the advantage of not requiring a renumbering of the later Raymonds, but is not the most likely solution to the problem in fact, it seems to be preferred primarily by genealogists, simply because they don't want to renumber the later Raymonds. The will of Garsenda, widow of Raymond, names separately her nepos nephew or grandson count Hugh, and nepos Raymond, son of Gunidildis.
This leads to the reconstruction that Raymond Pons had Raymond who married Gunidildis, having in turn Hugh and Raymond who married Adelais, in turns having William, i. An unpublished alternative that has been discussed is an attempt to merge the two, making William son of Adelais the younger half-brother of Hugh and Raymond, sons of Gunidildis, but this too has problems. Then there is the most unusual, interpreting nepos as nephew, an alternative reconstruction identifies count Hugh with the Count of Rouergue, and makes Raymond, father of William a member of this same Rouergue branch of the family instead.