United States presidential election - Wikipedia
This is a list of United Kingdom general elections since the first in The members of the For information on UK elections in general, see Elections in the United Kingdom. The date given in the table for elections prior to is the date Parliament assembled after the election, . Rogers, Simon (16 November ). Rock the Vote is a nonpartisan nonprofit dedicated to building the political A world free from income inequality, crushing student debt, climate change, and. FREE – in Google Play Barack Obama's re-election team are building a vast digital data exponentially since the last presidential election, rendering it for the first time date of birth, interests and, crucially, network of friends – directly into the . they click onto a video on any one of four million websites.
In FebruaryObama made his first public speech, calling for Occidental to participate in the disinvestment from South Africa in response to that nation's policy of apartheid. Obama also has roots in Ireland; he met with his Irish cousins in Moneygall in May He also shares distant ancestors in common with George W.
Bush and Dick Cheneyamong others. When they moved to Washington, D. He described his mother, raised by non-religious parents, as being detached from religion, yet "in many ways the most spiritually awakened person that I have ever known.
I believe in the redemptive death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. I believe that faith gives me a path to be cleansed of sin and have eternal life.
My family didn't — frankly, they weren't folks who went to church every week.
And my mother was one of the most spiritual people I knew, but she didn't raise me in the church. So I came to my Christian faith later in life, and it was because the precepts of Jesus Christ spoke to me in terms of the kind of life that I would want to lead — being my brothers' and sisters' keeper, treating others as they would treat me. Jeremiah Wright in October and became a member of Trinity in John's Episcopal Churchas well as Evergreen Chapel at Camp Davidbut the members of the family do not attend church on a regular basis.
The Obama campaign this year has attracted about 1.
America’s most popular voting guide for elections, political issues, candidates, and poll data
At this rate, Obama is also well on the way towards staging the world's first billion-dollar campaign. Under its motto "Bigger, better, ", the Chicago team intends between now and election day in November to create a campaign powerhouse which will allow fundraisers, advertisers and state and local organisers to draw from the same data source.
Joe Rospars, the campaign's chief digital strategist, told a seminar at the Guardian-sponsored Social Media Week that the aim was to create technology that encourages voters to get involved, in tune with Obama's emphasis on community organising. Campaign insiders say that the emphasis this year will be on efficiency more than any headline-grabbing technical wizardry.
But that should not obscure how significant this year's presidential cycle will be in putting to the test the first custom-made digital campaign. Mark Sullivan, founder of Voter Activation Network, which manages the Democratic party's central database of voter information known as Vote Builder, says that "what we will see in will make look really primitive".
List of United Kingdom general elections - Wikipedia
Judith Freeman of New Organizing Institute, who worked on both John Kerry's and Obama's presidential campaigns, says there is a leap forward in technology every presidential cycle, and would be no exception. Yet in fact, the separation of its data on voters into several distinct silos forced high-level staffers to spend hours manually downloading information from one database to another.
This year the Chicago team hasn't knocked down the walls so much as dispensed with them altogether.
They have built from the ground up a unified database that incorporates and connects everything the campaign knows about a voter within it. Rospars said that in they no longer had to try to integrate data in the campaign. Jeff Chester of the digital advertising watchdog Center for Digital Democracy, which has been calling for regulators to review the growth of digital marketing in politics, said that "this is beyond J Edgar Hoover's dream.
In its rush to exploit the power of digital data to win re-election, the Obama campaign appears to be ignoring the ethical and moral implications. The Obama database incorporates Vote Builder, a store of essential information such as age, postal address, occupation and voting history drawn from the voter files of million active voters.
It lines up and matches those voter files with data gathered from online interactions with the president's supporters — notably the millions of pieces of information its army of canvassers collected across the nation during the race, a list of email addresses of supporters that it has amassed and that now stands at about 23 million, as well as the contact information of Obama's 25 million Facebook fans.
Facebook itself has been transformed as a political campaign tool sincesimply by dint of its exponential growth. Four years ago there were about 40 million Facebook users in the US; now there are more than million — incorporating almost the entire voting public.
The significance of the fusion of Facebook and voter file data is hard to overemphasise. The messages can be honed to a particular demographic — age, gender, etc — as well as set of interests, and targeted on the most hotly contested parts of the most crucial battleground states.
Teddy Goff, the digital director of the re-election team, told Social Media Week that as the year progresses there would be more and more "persuasion through interaction".
List of United Kingdom general elections
Individual voters would be given access to digital platforms from which they will be able to tell their own stories "and that's far more powerful than anything we can say", Goff said. People's own stories really moves votes.
An Obama message would be crafted so that "not only can it be passed to your friends but to those friends that we think are most in need of passing it on to". The bottom line is that if you are sent a message from your Facebook friend encouraging you to turn up to an event or donate to Obama, you are vastly more likely to respond than if the request comes from an anonymous campaign staffer. The other door that data integration will further open in is personalised marketing.C-SPAN: President Obama at the 2011 White House Correspondents' Dinner
This has been the Holy Grail of political campaigners for decades: In the old world of snail mail, that could be achieved to some degree through direct marketing — ie leaflets dropped into the letter box — but that is expensive and far too slow with today's hour news cycle. The fusion of information into a centralised database allows you to direct market online at much less cost and virtually instantaneously. The technique has begun to spread widely among commercial businesses over the past year, and it is only a matter of time before such hyper-targeting is standard across political campaigns.
Indeed, we've already started to see it this year. The Obama campaign has already tailored a single donation request to 26 distinct segments of the voting public.
The Republicans are also getting in on the act. Michele Bachmann used customised online advertising in Iowa to reach Republican voters only, sending to their computers messages with a local spin for each of the state's 99 counties. That helped her win Iowa's vaunted straw poll in August though that didn't help her in the long run.
Rick Perry sent God-praising commercials to Iowans who listed themselves as evangelicals on Facebook.